Fabrics made from natural or manmade stuff needs to go through a series of processes. Use of chemicals in textile manufacturing is quite common.
In fact, the journey from chaos to a beautiful wool fabric is possible for textile chemicals. Statistically, chemicals contribute about 27 percent of the weight of the fabric is processed.
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Very few industries using chemicals in such a large proportion of the textile industry is not. Environmentalists warn about it because some chemicals are not completely safe.
Why is there so much use of chemicals?
Many people amaze with very high usage of chemicals in the textile industry. There is a fundamental reason behind it. Technically, the processing of the cloth called 'wet processing' where fluids play an important role in the whole process.
There are processes such as soaking, maturity, and dyeing in which chemicals have an important role. This is a complex process sequence in which one depends on the other process.
Textile chemicals act as wetting agents, dispersants, surfactants, stabilizers, and emulsifiers during the different steps of production.
It is important to maintain a balanced pH level during production because of the strength and luster of the fabric. Therefore, there are a fix and yeast agents, and pH regulates the chemicals used.
There are a number of companies that manufacture various textile products. They keep the norms of strict quality control and production standards are very high because the chemical purity is directly proportional to the quality of the fabric. Textile companies have set up their quality control for consistency randomly crosschecks.